Showed early interest in church music. Had to leave studies because of poverty, became a civil servant. Later became a choir master at the Court Choir capella.
Choir master at Guards regiments. Organized his own choir, 1880. Organized concerts very successfully in Russia and abroad.
Re-awakened the interest in old Russian church singing. Became the outstanding master of Russian church music in modern times. Lived at Petersburg and composed church music for over half a century.
Born October 23, 1846