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Stepan Andreevich Bandera

Stepan Bandera, Ukrainian nationalist leader.

Background

  • Bandera, Stepan was born on January 1, 1909 in Ugryniv Staryi, West Ukraine (then in the Austro-Hungarian Empire). Son of a Greek-Catholic priest.

  • Education

    • Studied in the agricultural department of the technical college in Lvov (then Poland), 1928.

    Career

    • After World War I became involved in underground Ukrainian nationalist youth groups (directed against the Polish authorities in Galicia). Chairman of the Executive of the OUN (Organization of Ukrainian Nationalists) in the Ukraine, 1933. Organized the assassination of the Polish Minister of the Interior, Pieracki, in Warsaw, June 1934.

      Arrested 1934, and sentenced to death. Sentence commuted to life imprisonment. After the collapse of Poland at the beginning of World War II, released.

      Elected leader of the OUN in the Ukraine and abroad, 1941. At the beginning of German-Soviet hostilities, supporters of Bandera in Lvov proclaimed Ukrainian independence, 30 June 1941, but soon thereafter he was arrested by the Germans, brought to a prison in Berlin, and later to Sachsenhausen concentration camp (his two brothers died at Auschwitz). At the end of 1944 he and other Ukrainian nationalist leaders were released by the Germans.

      After World War II resumed control of the Ukrainian partisans (now Fighting the Soviet army) from abroad, while living under an assumed name in Munich. Assassinated by a Committee for State Security agent on the personal instructions of the head of the Committee for State Security Shelepin by a special poison bullet (his murder was later described in detail by the murderer himself, Bohdan Stashynskyi, who defected to West Germany in 1961).
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    Died October 15, 1959
    (aged 50)
    Nationality