Moved to Bulgaria, where he worked as a doctor. Returned to Lithuania, 1905. Founded the first Lithuanian newspaper, Ausra, 1883 (published illegally in East Prussia).
Director of the Ethnographical Museum in Wilno (Vilnius), 1919. Collected and published 9 volumes of Lithuanian folk songs and fairy tales. Widely respected Lithuanian nationalist leader.
During World War II commander in the Black Sea Navy, rising to Commander-in-chief, 1948. Deputy Commander of the Soviet Navy, 1951. Retired, 1960.
Born November 23, 1851