With his parents in Nazi labour camps and DP camps in Germany, 1944-1948. Married Heidemarie Schmitt, 1968. Doctor of economics at Munich University, 1988.
Worked at the Institut der Finanzwissenschaft and Hochschule fur Politik, Munich. Wrote on Soviet economics in the Handbuch der Finanzwissenschaften, 1982. Specialist in East-West trade.
Lives in Munich.