During World War I, a divisional commander in the Southern Army, then Lt-general of the 8th Army Corps (Rumanian front) in 1916. Chief-of-staff of the High Command, April-May 1917. Took part in the Kornilov rebellion against the Provisional Government.
Arrested, fled with Kornilov from Bykhov prison in December 1917. Went to the Don and became one of the organizers of the White armies. After Kornilov’s death (13 April 1918), commander of the Dobrovolcheskaiia army and commander-in-chief of the White forces in southern Russia, recognizing Admiral Kolchak (who was in Siberia) as Supreme Ruler.
In summer-autumn 1919 led a march on Moscow, which reached Orel. Defeated there by Red forces in collusion with Makhno (anarchist) partisans who cut his lines of communication in the rear. On 4 April 1920 after the appointment of General Wrangel (the former commander of his Caucasian army with whom he had previously quarrelled), left for Constantinople.
Between the wars, lived in France. After World War II, went to the USA. Politically close to the Cadet party, fought under the slogan ‘Russia United and Indivisible’. His 5-vol memoirs, Ocherki Russkoi Smuty (Berlin-Paris, 1921-1926), is a valuable source on the revolutionary and civil war years.
Also Pokhod na Moskvu (March on Moscow), Moscow, 1928.