Sent to the front, joined the revolutionary movement. Chairman of a soldiers’ cttee., December 1917. During the Civil War, held high command posts at several fronts (Commander of the Donetsk army, Supreme Commander of the Union of the Southern Republics).
Chief of Staff of the VOKHR troops (internal security, including camp guards), 1920. Head of the Red Army Military Academy, 1922. Later military attache in China and Turkey.
Member of the General Staff, 1934. Liquidated by Stalin. organized the Letnii Sad (Summer Theatre), and the Geiten Theatre in Moscow. Starred in her own theatre.