Grigorenko, Petr(Petro) Grigor’evich
16.10.1907-1921.2.1987. General, human rights campaigner. In his youth, a member of the Komsomol and a soldier in food requisitioning detachments (prodotriady) during the 1920s.
Served in the Red Army. Division commander during World War II. After World War II, lecturer at Frunze Military Academy in Moscow. Major-general, 1959. After a speech at a local party meeting criticizing Stalinism, dismissed from the Academy, stripped of his rank and expelled from the party, 1961.
Sent to the Far East, 1963. Imprisoned in a psychiatric hospital, 1964. Became one of the best known dissidents.
Paid special attention to the cause of the Crimean Tatars, who were accused by Stalin of proGerman sympathies in 1944 and deported en masse from the Crimea to Central Asia. Joined the campaign for their return to the Crimea, where they had lived for centuries. One of the founders of the Helsinki monitoring group in Moscow.
Left the USSR with his wife to visit his son in the USA in 1977. Stripped of Soviet citizenship and spent the rest of his life in the USA, continuing his campaign for human rights in the USSR.