Joined the Red Army, 1932. Took part as a tank officer in the SovietFinnish war, 1939-1940. Commander of tank detachments during World War II. After the war, commander of a tank army.
1st Deputy Commander of Soviet Forces in Germany, 1957-1960, and 1961-1962, and Commander, 1962-1965. Commander of Kiev military district, 1965. 1st Deputy Minister of Defence of the USSR, and Supreme Commander of Warsaw Pact Forces, 1967.