2nd secretary of the Central Committee of the Bofshevik Party in Belorussia, 1941. During World War II, remained at the rear of the German armies, organizing partisan detachments. Majorgeneral, 1943. Chief of Staff of the partisan movement in Belorussia.
After World War II, Prime-Minister of Belorussia, 1948. Responsible for the reStalinization of Belorussia.