Worked as a technical designer and works manager. Minister of Heavy Industry, 1939. During World War II, Minister of Tank Construction, 1941 -45.
Minister of Transport Machine Construction, and of Shipbuilding after World War II. Member of the Central Committee of the Communist Party, 1939, and of the Presidium of the Central Committee, 1952-1953. Vice-Premier of the USSR. 1954-1956.