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Ludvig Karlovich Martens

Ludvig Martens, USSR Engineer, editor.


  • Martens, Ludvig was born on January 1, 1875 in Bakhmut (now Artem’evsk).

  • Education

    • Studied at the Petersburg Technological Institute in the 1890s, and was involved in Marxist revolutionary activity.


    • Arrested, 1896. After 3 years in prison, expelled to Germany, 1899. Became an active member of the German Social-Democrats. Moved to England, 1906, then to the USA, 1916.

      After the October Revolution 1917, appointed 1st Soviet represen tative in America, 1919. Not recognized by the US government. Involved in the build-up of a Soviet spy network in the USA. Returned to the USSR. Chairman of the Inventions Committee of the VSNKH, 1924-1926.

      Specialist in diesel engines. Editor of the monumental Soviet Technical Encyclopaedia, 1927-1941. Died in Moscow.


    Religion makes people base their lives on false foundations.


    The role of the individual as a member of a collective is more important than the individual.

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    Born January 1, 1875
    Died October 19, 1948
    (aged 73)