Emigrated from Russia during the Civil War, 1921. Settled in the USA. Taught Russian in the Slavonic Languages Department of Columbia University. One of the founders of the Society of Aid to Russian
Children Abroad, 1926.
Longestserving member of staff at Columbia University (44 years), retired 1965. Remembered as a distinguished pioneer of Slavistics and a tireless social worker among the Russian community in the USA.