Graduated from the Academy of the General Staff, 1901.
Took part in the Russo-Japanese war and World War I. Joined the Red Army, 1918. During the Civil War, commander of the Northern and Western fronts. Thereafter, lecturer at higher military educational establishments, 1926— 1941.
Religious leaders contribute to secular and religious wars by endorsing or supporting the violence.
The emphasis on peaceful coexistence doesn’t mean that the Soviet Union accepted a static world with clear lines. Socialism is inevitable and the "correlations of forces" were moving towards socialism.