Of Baltic German descent. Moved to France and later Germany after the October Revolution 1917. Joined the National Socialist (Nazi) Party, 1919.
Became its main ideologue with the book Myth of the 20 th Century, held in high regard by Hitler personally, who considered its mixture of racism, anti-Semitism and anti-Christianity profound, although it never gained any popularity even among the Nazi faithful. Kept his close spiritual affinity with Hitler, who made him the editor of the official party newspaper Voelkischer Beobachter, and during World War II, appointed him Minister for the Occupied Eastern Territories (Head of Ostministerium), 17 July 1941. Personally responsible for the application of the master race theory to the occupied territories in Eastern Europe and Russia, including appalling treatment of the civil population and mass deportations, which soon aroused universal hatred and resistance.
Main enemy of the Vlasov movement within Germany. After World War II, tried at Nuremburg, found guilty of war crimes and hanged.