Joined the Red Army, 1923, and the Bolshevik Party, 1928. High command posts in the Air Force during W WII. Commander of airborne troops, 1948. Commander of Strategic Aviation, and Deputy Commander-inchief of the Air Force, 1950-1958.
Nonvoting member of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, 1961-1966. Head of the Air Force Academy, 1968-1973.