Joined the Red Army, 1934. In the late 1930s, 1st Secretary of Iaroslavl’, later Gorkii obkom. Member of the Central Committee of the Bolshevik Party, 1939-1946.
Minister of the Aviation Industry of the USSR, 1940-1946. Arrested after Stalin was told by his son, Vasilii, an air-force officer, that US planes were better than Soviet planes. Released after Stalin’s death, 1953.
Deputy Chairman of the Committee for the Foreign Economic Relations, 1953-1959.