During World War I, commander of a regiment, then a brigade, later a division. During the October Revolution 1917, joined the Bolsheviks. In 1919, Commander of the 42nd and the 55th Rifle Divisions of
the 13th Army on the Southern front.
Was taken prisoner at Zolotarevo near Orel by a White Army regiment and hanged as a traitor. Later reburied at the Kremlin wall on Red Square.