Vasil’chikova, Lidia Leonidovna, Princess was born on June 10, 1886 in Tambov. Daughter of Prince Leonid Dimitrievich Viazemskii, ADC General to the emperors Alexander II, Alexander III and Nicholas II.
Married Prince Illarion Vasil’chikov, 1909. Founded and ran a hospital train at the front throughout World War I. Emigrated, 1919. Lived in France, Germany and Lithuania.
Whilst in France, set up a highly successful amateur theatre company which she managed, and in which she also performed. In June 1940, escaped from Soviet-occupied Lithuania to Italy. In 1941, moved to Germany, where, following Hitler’s invasion of the USSR, she established, despite Hitler’s personal opposition, a worldwide aid organization to provide food and clothing to starving Soviet POWs in the German camps.