Bachelor of Science, King's College and Hospital, London, 1933, Doctor of Medicine D.P.M., 1936. House physician London hospitals, 1933-1935. Assistant psychiatrist, 1935-1941.
Deputy physician, superintendent Fountain Hospital, London, 1946-1948. Consultant psychiatrist National Health Service, London, 1948-1983. Director research Fountain Hospital, London, 1953-1965.
Honorary associate physician Maudsley and St. George's Hospital, London, 1959-1983. Lecturer regarding mental handicap to Maudsley Hospital and other medical schools, London, since 1946.
- Chairman research committee Institute for Research into Mental Retardation United Kingdom, since 1965.