Bachelor of Commerce, Durham University, 1948. Trading manager Durham Chemicals Ltd., 1948-1958. Commercial director International Synthetic Rubber Limited company, Southampton, 1958-1973.
President International Institute Synthetic Rubber Products, Incorporated, New York York City, 1963. Consultant Phillips Petroleum Europe-Africa, Brussels, 1974-1977. Director general Process Plant Association, London, since 1978.
Director general Council of Mechanical and Metal Trade Association, since 1985.