Master of Arts, Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery, Cambridge University, 1945, Doctor of Medicine 1951. Pathologist, Skin Research Team, Royal Army Medical Corps, 1947-1949. Senior lecturer London University London Hospital Medical College, 1953-1956.
Research fellow University Kiel, A.F.I.P., Washington, 1955-1956. Reader Charing Cross Hospital Medical School, 1956-1966, professor, head department experimental pathology, 1966-1982, professor, head department histopathology, 1982-1984, Charing-Cross-Westminster Medical School, since 1984.