Pharmaceutical chemist, Robert Gordons College, Aberdeen, Scotland, 1950. Doctor of Philosophy Bradford University, 1988. Certified pharmacist.
Export sales executive Carnegie's of Welwyn Ltd., Welwyn Garden City, Hertfordshire, England, 1950-1953, home sales manager, 1953-1956. Branch pharmacist Bradley & Bliss Ltd., Reading, Berkshire, England, 1956-1965. Branch manager Vestric Ltd., Ruislip, Middlesex, England, 1965-1966, regional director, Edinburgh, Scotland, 1966-1973, manager director Runcorn, Cheshire, England, 1979-1987, director, 1973-1979.
Chairman Pharmagen Ltd., Runcorn, 1980-1989, Pharmed Ltd., since 1982. Director, A.A.H. Pharmaceuticals, Ltd., 1987-1989, chairman, since 1989.