M.B.B.S., Medical College, Amritsar, 1964. D.O., Royal College Surgeons, 1969. House Surgeon Manor Hospital, Nuneaton, England, 1965, house physician George Eliot Hospital, Nuneaton, 1966, Senior house officer in ophthalmology General Hospital, Newcastle Upon Tyne, 1966-1968, Wolverhampton and Midland Counties Eye Infirmary, 1971-1973.
Registrar in ophthalmology Norwich Hospitals, 1973, Regional Eye Center, Old Church Hospital, Romford, 1974-1976. Senior registrar in ophthalmology Shrewsbury Eye, Ear and Throat Hospital, 1976-1978, Wolverhampton and Midland Counties Eye Infirmary, 1978. Practice medicine specializing in ophthalmic surgery, since 1966.
Member staff Royal Infirmary, Huddersfield, West Yorkshire, England, since 1978.