Bachelor of Science, Acton Technology College, London University, 1954. Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Science, St. Bartholomew's Hospital, 1961. House surgeon Hertford General Hospital, Hertfordshire, United Kingdom, 1961-1962.
House physician Leicester Royal Infirmary, Leicestershire, 1962-1963. Science officer Imperial Cancer Research Fund, London, since 1963.
- Officer Imperial Cancer Research Fund, London, since 1963. Contributor articles to professional journals.