Doctor of Medicine, University Hamburg, 1969. Licensed pharmacist, physician, Finland. Alcohologist, physician Helsinki District Treatment Program, 1976-1977.
Physician Onandjokwe Mission Hospital, Southwest Africa, 1977-1978. Alcohologist, physician Nordhem Clinic, Gothenburg, Sweden, 1978-1979. Industrial physician Medicar Foundation, Gothenburg, 1980-1981.
Medical director Kalliola Clinic, Helsinki, 1981-1982. Executive director Ethanol-Media Ltd., Helsinki, since 1982. Member project with Lutheran Church Alcoholism Rehab, 1987-1989.
Mission physician Red Cross, Salisbury, Rhodesia, 1979, Cambodia, Thailand, 1980.
- Physician Onandjokwe Mission Hospital, Southwest Africa, 1977-1978. Contributor articles to professional journals.