Assistant professor finance Swedish School of Economics and Business Administration, 1976-1979, associate professor economics, 1979-1980. Professor economics, 1981-1983, 84–. Visiting professor economics Brown University, Providence, 1980-1981.
Visiting professor management economics Northwestern University, Evanston, Illinois, 1983-1984. 1st vice president, deputy general manager Union Bank of Finland, since 1985. Chairman board directors Beta Invest Ltd., Helsinki, since 1982.
Member supervisor board Medical Investment Trust Ltd., Helsinki, since 1984. Director Wilh. Schauman Ltd., Helsinki and and Expaco Ltd.