Party affiliation: Democrat
- Intern, resident University Pisa, 1964-1971. House physician Patologie Medica, University Perugia, Italy, 1964-1969, assistant at semeiotica medica, since 1969, registrar, since 1972, senior registrar, since 1974, associate professor semeiotica medica and cardiology, 1981-1983, professor cardiology School Medicine, since 1983. Faculty cardiology National Heart Hospital and St. Mary's Hospital, London, 1967.
Denomination: Roman Catholic
Fellow International College Angiology, European Society Cardiology, American College Cardiology. Member Italian Society Cardiology (council 1970-1980, 86—), Italian Society Hypertension, Italian Society Vascular Pathology, Italian Federation Medicine of Sport, International Society Hypertension, Italian Society Internal Medicine, European Society Clinical Investigation.