Bachelor of Science, Iowa State University, 1967. Master of Science, Michigan State University, 1969, Doctor of Philosophy., 1974. Agricultural engineer Food and Agriculture Organization, United Nations, Rome, Italy, 1974-1982, energy program officer, 1982-1983, senior officer energy, 1984-1985, senior officer program and planning, since 1985.
Contributing author: Energy for World Agriculture, 1979. Editorial board Energy in Agriculture, since 1981. National Defense Education Act fellow, 1967-1969.
Midwest University Consortium International Activities grantee, 1969-1970.