Denomination: Roman Catholic
Internist trainee department medicine St. Elisabeth Hospital, Curaçao, 1954-1957, University Amsterdam, 1957-1960. Specialist in internal medicine, 1960. Researcher nephrology University Amsterdam, 1960-1962.
Head department medicine St. Elisabeth Hospital, Curaçao, Netherlands Antilles, 1962-1976, founder and head dialysis unit, 1969-1976. Head department medicine Slotervaarthospital, affiliated with University Amsterdam, since 1976. Member physicians examination board University Amsterdam.
Board directors Netherlands Foundation Cultural Cooperative. Founder Queen Beatrix Foundation Against Tuberculosis, Netherlands Antilles, 1955. Advisory to board directors Saint Rose Hospital, St. Maarten, since 1984.
Author: Diseases of the Kidney (Earley and Gottschalk editors), 1979, 4th edition (Shrier and Gottschalk editors), 1988, 5th edition, 1992, Non-Invasive Diagnosis of Kidney Disease (Lubec editor), 1985, (with others) Oxford Textbook of Clinical Nephrology, 1992. Contributor numerous articles to professional journals. Editor: Encyclopedia of the Netherlands Antilles, 1970.
Book on medical history and geografic pathology Netherlands Antilles, 1973. Editor and contributor author: Bolivar in Curaçao, 1988, 2 edition, 1990.