Bachelor of Electrical Engineering, University Pennsylvania, 1963, Master of Science in Engineering, 1964. Master of Business Administration, Asian Institute Management (Philippines), 1973. Acting assistant secretary Singapore Government, Singapore, 1965-1967.
Executive director manufacturing and transportation division Goodwood Group, Singapore, 1967-1968. Consultant P.A. Management, Singapore, 1973-1974. General manager, chief executive officer Heller Factoring Ltd., Singapore, 1974-1983.
General manager, chief executive officer Export Credit Insurance Corporation, Singapore, since 1984. Vice chairman Victoria School Executive Committee, Singapore, 1983, treasurer advisory committee, since 1981.