Matriculation, Real-Gymnasium and private, 1924-1931. Joint managing director Favourite Manufacturing Company, Sydney, 1938-1942. Managing director Kealton Australia Ltd., Sydney, 1942-1947.
Director, general manager Kraftex Ltd., Capetown, South Africa, 1947-1952. Managing director Bitroid Ltd., Johannesburg, 1952-1957, Decorative Boards Ltd., Johannesburg, 1952-1957. Group managing director Marley-Tiles, Frank Wright, Johannesburg, 1957-1963, Bruply Ltd., Pietermaritzburg, 1963-1968, Smith & Nephew, Pinetown, South Africa, 1968-1970.
Project consultant Timber Merchants of Zambia, Kitwe, 1971-1973. Chairman board Bridgewood Products Ld., Pinetown, 1975-1984, Kit-Form Furniture, 1980-1984. Patentee in field. Board directors Doone Village, Pinetown, since 1975.
Vice chairman Morton Hall, Pinetown, 1980-1984. Paul Harris fellow, 1980. member Transvaal C. of Industries (executive council 1954-1963), Pietermaritzburg C. Industries (vice chairman 1968-1969).