Chief social worker Tara Hospital for Nervous Disorders, Johannesburg, 1956-1958. Social worker Jewish Welfare Council, Johannesburg, 1963-1966, 68-69. Chief social worker Department Prisons, Johannesburg, 1966-1968.
Researcher University Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, 1972-1976. Private practice jewelry design, Sandton. South Africa, since 1987.
Consultant, volunteer advisor various welfare organizations, Johannesburg, 1977-1980. Executive member Jewish Family and Community Council, Johannesburg, since 1981. Honorary worker various black self help organizations, Johannesburg, 1970-1985.
Coordinator, worker Black Self Help Organization, Johannesburg, 1977-1981. Member executive council Jewish Family and Community Council, Johannesburg, 1981-1985. Progressive Federal.