Bachelor of Science in Electrical Engineering, Yale University, 1968. Laborer Rhokana Corporation, Zambia, 1956-1958, miner, Kitwe, Zambia, 1959-1962, full fledged miner, 1962-1964. Electrical engineer Zesco, Ndola, Zambia, 1971-1974.
General manager Kariba North Bank Company, Lusaka, Zambia, since 1974, Zesco, since 1980. Director Posts & Tel Committee Corporation, Lusaka, since 1980, Maamba Collieries Ltd., Lusaka, since 1980. Member National Council of Scientific.
- Research, Lusaka, since 1979, University Zambia Council, since 1979. Active United National Indiana Party, Lusaka, since 1962.