The diversity of religious expressions is guaranteed by the separation of church and state. However, church and state should interact in different social and political fields for the benefit of the whole society.
In newspaper work, St. Louis, 1877-1880. Co-founder, 1881, and 1st editor. Los Angeles Daily Times.
Newspaper work in California, Oregon and Arizona, 1882-1885. Real estate, Los Angeles, 1886-1887. Built railway from Los Angeles to Pasadena, 1888.
Developed Littlerock Colony, California, 1889-1904. Built and operated beet sugar factories at Visalia and Corcoran, California, 1905-1909. Director, and associate in management San Joaquin Valley Sugar Company Alternate delegate Republican National Convention, 1896.
Member of national committee Silver Republican party, 1897. Received complimentary vote of Democratic minority of California Legislature for United States senator, 1898. Delegate-at-large Silver Republican National Convention, Kansas City, 1900 (member conference committee of 15).
Chairman Democratic Company Convention, Los Angeles, 1904. Police commissioner, Los Angeles, 1907-1909. California member Democratic National Committee, since 1908, and member Executive Committee same.