Educated public schools, Johnson Company, Missouri. Enlisted in Missouri State Guards, C.S.A., June 5, 1861. Company F, 1st Missouri cavalry, C.S.A., June 5, 1862.
Surrendered June 7, 1865, Alexandria, Louisiana. Lived in Texas after war. Mayor Denton, Texas, 1874-1878.
Merchant since April, 1867. Commenced law practice, 1890.
Major-general Indiana Ty. div. U.C.V., since 1895; assistant adjutant general to General W. L. Cable, commanding Trans-Mississippi department U.C.V., since 1906. Adjutant general and chief of staff to Major General Dungeon Master Hailey, commanding Indiana Ty. div.
U.C.V., since 1907.