Party affiliation: Republican
Was member Juniata cavalry before Civil War. Served in 1st Pennsylvania Reserve Vol. Cavalry, 1861-1864, private to sergeant major, in Army of Potomac.
Professor agriculture, 1871-1880, business manager and treasurer, 1874-1886, treasurer, 1874-1911, Pennsylvania State College Deputy secretary agriculture of Pennsylvania, 1895-1899, secretary agriculture of Pennsylvania, 1899-1903. Farmers’ institute specialist, unites states department of Agriculture, 1903-January 1, 1914. Director Thompson Land & Coal Company.