Party affiliation: Republican
Began as correspondent clerk with Zaldo & Company, sugar exporters, Havana, Cuba, 1872. Sugar refiner, Brooklyn, New York, 1876-1887. President American Sugar Refinery Company, 1888-1904, also secretary Western Sugar Refinery Company, both of San Francisco.
President, later vice president American Beet Sugar Company, 1905-1922. Later Chairman of the Board California Sea Products Company. Director Savannah Sugar Refining Corporation.