Studied under Thomas Jefferson. Designed Congregational Church (the “circular church”), 1804. Supervised erection Bank of Philadelphia.
Adopted for 1st time in American the auditorium type of plan suited for preaching a service. Designed Washington Hall, 1809. Rebuilt for municipal offices some wings of Old State House (Independence Hall, Philadelphia), 1812.
Designed Brockenbrough house in Richmond, Virginia which became “White House of Confederacy”. Designed important public monument to Washington in Baltimore, 1814. Made president, chief engineer Baltimore Waterworks Company.
Returned to Charleston, 1820, became member Board Public Works. Public buildings erected by him (on plans either made or revised by him) in Charleston include: fire-proof record building, begun 1822, Eastern State Hospital for Insane at Columbia, South Carolina. Designed Potomac Bridge, circa 1830.
Appointed by Federal government as “architect of public buildings,” 1836-1851, designed Treasury, Patent Office, Post Office, Washington, District of Columbia. Main architectural achievement was victory in competition for design of Washington Monument, at capital, completed in 1884. Member Society of Artists organized in Philadelphia, 1810, 1st secretary Author: Treatise on Inland Navigation, 1820.
Guide to the Capitol of the United States, 1832 (appeared 1834).
- Washington Monument, Washington, D.C.
- built to commemorate George Washington, once commander-in-chief of the Continental Army and the first American president.
- United States Department of the Treasury
- The Department of the Treasury is an executive department and the treasury of the United States federal government.
Born August 12, 1781
Died March 3, 1855