Began as architect, Cincinnati, 1855. Designed Art Museum, Art Academy, Public Library, Shillito, Pogue, The Fair and Mabley & Carew department stores, buildings in Zoöl. Gardens, many private residences, Cincinnati.
Hamilton Company (O.) Court House. Wayne Company (Indiana) Court House. Library, Northampton, Massachusetts, etc.
Appointed September 1861, First lieutenant Benton Cadets, bodyguard of General John C. Fremont and served in Missouri until General Fremont was superseded. Special artist Frank Leslie’s Weekly in Army of the Southwest, 1862, bombardment of Island Northern 10, Fort Pillow and other engagements on Mississippi River.