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William Hovgaard

William Hovgaard, Danish naval architect. Decorated Commander of Order of Dannebrog (Denmark), etc. Awarded gold medal by British Institution Naval Architects, for paper on Submarine Boats, 1917, honorary member of same, 1944. Awarded David W. Taylor Medal by Society of Naval Architects and Marine Engineers, 1943.

Background

  • Hovgaard, William was born on November 28, 1857 in Aarhus, Denmark. Son of Ole Anton and Louise Charlotte (Munch) Hovgaard.

  • Education

    • Graduated from Nava Academy, Denmark, 1879. Graduate Royal Naval College, Greenwich, England, 1886. Honorary Doctor of Engineering, Copenhagen (Denmark) Polytechnic Institute, 1929.

      Honorary Doctor of Engineering, Stevens Institute Technology, 1934.

    Career

    • Served as sub-Lieutenant, Lieutenant, and commander Royal Danish Navy. Member Danish expedition to St. Croix, West Indies, to observe transit of Venus, winter, 1882-1883. Studied naval construction Royal Naval College, Greenwich, England, 1883-1886.

      On naval technical and administrative duties, dockyard and sea-service, Denmark, to 1895. General manager shipyard, Burmeister and Wain, Copenhagen, 1895-1897. Naval service, 1897-1901.

      Professor naval construction, Massachusetts Institute Technology, 1901-1933, professor emeritus and honorary lecturer, 1933-1934. Resigned from Danish Navy, 1905. On scientific technical duty, Bureau Construction and Repair, Navy Department, May 1917-September 1918.

      Consultant naval architect for same, 1919-1926. Member sub-commission on airships ZR-1 and RS-1, under the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics, 1922-1925. Technical adviser to Court of Inquiry, Shenandoah disaster, 1925, member Special Committee on Airship Design and Construction, 1935.

      Consulting naval architect for bureau of Yards and Docks, Navy Department, 1935-1938. Member Advisory Board on Battleship Plans, 1937-1938. Naturalized as American citizen, 1919.

      Trustee American Scandinavian Foundation, New New York.

    Works

    • Author: Submarine Boats (London), 1887. The Voyages of the Norsemen to America, 1914. Structural Design of Warships (London), 1915, second edition, 1940 (United States Naval Institute).

      Modern History of Warships, 1920. General Design of Warships, 1920. The United World, 1944.

      Also brochures and papers on technical and military subjects.

    Religion

    Denomination: Lutheran

    Membership

    Served as sub-Lieutenant, Lieutenant, and commander Royal Danish Navy. Member Danish expedition to St. Croix, West Indies, to observe transit of Venus, winter, 1882-1883. Member sub-commission on airships ZR-1 and RS-1, under the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics, 1922-1925.

    Member Advisory Board on Battleship Plans, 1937-1938. Naturalized as American citizen, 1919. Trustee American Scandinavian Foundation, New New York.

    Member Institution Naval Architects (England), American Society Naval Architects and Marine Engineers, United States Naval Institute, American Association of University professors, Massachusetts History Society. Member American Academy Arts and Sciences, American Association for the Advancement of Science, National Academy Sciences. Member American Society Danish Engineers, Danish Luncheon.

    Connections

    • Married Marie Ludolphine Elisabeth Nielsen, September 19, 1896. Children: Ole Mogens, Annette.
    • father: Ole Anton Hovgaard
    • mother: Louise Charlotte (Munch) Hovgaard
    • spouse: Marie Ludolphine Elisabeth Nielsen
    • children: Ole Mogens Hovgaard
    • Annette Hovgaard
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    Born November 28, 1857
    Died January 5, 1950
    (aged 92)
    Nationality