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Frank Lloyd Wright

Frank Lloyd Wright, American architect. Awarded Royal Gold Medal for Architecture by King George VI, 1941; Gold Medal of American International Assurance, 1948. Honorary Doctor of Fine Arts, Princeton, 1947, Master of Arts, Wesleyan University, 1939. Architect Imperial Household, Japan, 1914; high honors, Holland and Switzerland, 1921; Gold Medal by American Institute Architects, 1949; Star of Solidarity (Italy).

Background

  • Wright, Frank Lloyd was born on June 8, 1869 in Richland Center, Wisconsin, United States. Son of William Russell Cary and Anna Lloyd (Jones) Wright.

  • Education

    • Student сivil engineering, University of Wisconsin, 1884-1888.

    Career

    • Began practice at Chicago, Illinois, 1893. Architect of Imperial Hotel, Tokio, Japan, and numerous other buildings of note. Work characterized in America as “The New School of the Middle West” and in Europe as “The American Expression in Architecture.” Phi Delta Theta.

      Honorary member Academie Royale des Beaux Arts d’Anvers, 1927, National Academy of Cuba, 1927, National Academy of Brazil, 1932, Royal Institute British Achitects, 1941, National Academy Architects, Mexico, 1943, National Academy of Finland, 1946. Honorary member National Academy and Society of Architects (Uruguay), 1942. Extraordinary honorary member Akademie der Kunst (Royal Academy), Berlin, 1929.

      Honorary member American Institute Decorators, American National Institute Arts and Letters. Life member American Academy Arts and Letters. Honored guest of the Soviet Republic, 1937.

    Works

    • Author: An Interpretation of Japanese Prints, 1912. In the Cause of Architecture (essays), 1909-1923. Experimenting with Human Lives, 1923.

      Ausgeführte Bauten und Entwürfe, 1909, Sonderheit, 1910. Wendingen, 1925 (last three public in Europe). Modern Architecture (Kahn lectures at Princeton), 1931.

      The Nature of Materials, 1932. An Autobiography—Frank Lloyd Wright, 1932, later revised, expanded and brought up to date, 1943. The Disappearing City, 1932.

      Architecture and Modern Life (with Baker Brownell). Frank Lloyd Wright on Architecture, 1894-1940 (edited by Frederick Gutheim). In the Nature of Materials (edited by Henry-Russell Hitchcock), 1941.

      When Democracy Builds, 1946. Genius and the Mobocracy, 1949. The founder and the conductor of the “The Taliesin Fellowship,” a cultural experiment in the arts, by way of a non-profit organization entitled The Frank Lloyd Wright Foundation situated at “Taliesin” in Wisconsin (April-November) and Arizona (December-March), about 40 apprentices participating.

      Editor of “Taliesin,” Fellowship magazine, public 6 times a year. And The Taliesin Square Papers public from time to time at Taliesin.

    Membership

    Clubs: Players (New York).

    Connections

    • Married Catherine Lee.; married second, Miriam Noel. Children: Lloyd, John, Catherine, David, Frances, Llewellyn.
    • father: William Russell Cary Wright
    • mother: Anna Lloyd (Jones) Wright
    • spouses: Catherine Lee
    • Miriam Noel
    • children: Lloyd Wright
    • John Wright
    • Catherine Wright
    • David Wright
    • Frances Wright
    • Llewellyn Wright
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    Died April 9, 1959
    (aged 89)
    Nationality