Investment department Sun Life Assurance Company, 1929-1935. Research analyst Harriman, Ripley & Company, Inc., 1935-1941. Executive assistant to minister of finance, Ottawa, Canada, 1941-1943.
Partner, president Taylor Deale & Company. New York City, 1943-1954. Partner Osler & Hammond, Toronto, 1956-1968.
Director Harris & Partners, Limited, investment bankers, Toronto, 1955-1968, executive vice president, 1958-1968.