Party affiliation: Republican
Clerk in stores in Worcester, 1842-1846. In mercantile business for himself, 1846-1861. Served in Civil War 3 years and 9 months as captain, lieutenant colonel and colonel, Massachusetts vols.
Bvtd. brigadier general “for gallant and meritorious service during the war.” United States collector internal revenue, 8th Massachusetts District, 1867-1872. Sheriff Worcester County, 1871-1890. Mayor Worcester. 1896-1897.