Party affiliation: Democrat
Began as bookkeeper, wholesale grocery store. Later bookkeeper 1st National Bank, Vicksburg, Mississippi. Moved to Anniston, Alabama, 1887, and engaged in real estate and insurance business.
Organizer, and president City National Bank, 3 years. President First National Bank, 1905-1914. President First National Bank (Jacksonville), First National Bank (Piedmont), Alabama.
Appointed Chairman of the Board Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, 1914, governor, 1919-1928 (retired). Appointed advisor to board of R.F.C., at Atlanta, February 1932. Delegate Convention to Repeal 18th Amendment, Montgomery, Alabama, 1933.