Engaged in mining and smelting, since 1890. Owner of large copper and coal properties in Montana, Mexico, and British Columbia. President Interstate Utilities Company, Spokane, Washington, Missouri Oxide & Chemical Company, Joplin, Missouri.
President Gibraltar Gold Mines Company, Beatty, Nevada, MacGinnis Realty Company, Butte, Montana Director Trans-Pacific Latin-America Association, Los Los Angeles Defeated for United States Senate by 2 votes, 1901. Member Democratic National Com.