Came to the United States, 1905, naturalized citizen, 1914. Clerk New Zealand Loan & Mercantile Agency Company, Brisbane, Australia, 1902-1905. Sanger (California) Lumber Company, 1905.
Canadian Bank of Commerce, San Francisco and elsewhere, 1906-1912, Bank of Italy, San Francisco, 1913-1914. With Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco since November 1914. beginning as acting assistant cashier, 1st vice president since 1936.