Party affiliation: Republican
Schools, 1903-1905; clerk Toy National Bank, Sioux City, Iowa, 1905-1920, vice president, 1920-1926. Vice president First National Bank & Trust Company, Sioux Falls, South Dakot, 1926-1933. President Peoples National Bank, Grand Rapids, 1933-1956, Chairman of the Board, 1956-1958.
General vice president Old Kent Bank & Trust Company, since 1958. Director Detroit branch Federal Reserve Bank Chicago Manager Reconstruction Finance Corporation (Chicago District) during 1933.