Bachelor of Arts, University California, 1923. Master of Arts, University Wisconsin, 1926. Social worker various agencies, 1926-1930.
Field representative United States Children’s Bureau, 1930-1934. Director social service Wisconsin Emergency Relief Administration, Madison, 1934-1937. Regional public assistance representative Social Security Board, Minneapolis, 1937-1938.
Assistant director Wisconsin Public Welfare Department, Madison, 1938-1939. Assistant chief field div. bureau public assistance, Social Security Board, 1940-1945. Assistant director bureau public assistance Federal Security Agency, 1946-1953.
Deputy director bureau public assistance Department Health, Edition and Welfare, Washington, 1953-1959, director 1959-1962, director bureau family services, 1962-1963, S.W. consultant, from 1963.
- Director social service Wis. Assistant dir; assistant chief field div. bur. Assistant dir; director bur.