Union College, Schenectady, New York, 1898-1899, 1900-1902. Took technical training in shops of General Elec. Company, Schenectady, 1899-1900, and became journeyman machinist, iron moulder and electrician.
Bachelor of Science, University of Pennsylvania, 1903. Instructor and graduate student economics, same 1903-1905.
Assistant general secretary New York Charity Organisation Society, 1905-1907. Local secretary, 1907, executive secretary, 1908, 1909, New York State Conference Chartities and Correction. Secretary Boston Association for Relief and Control of Tuberculosis, 1907-1909, establishing winter day camp sanatorium and out door school, municipalizing both.
Organizer Milk and Baby Hygiene Association, Boston, 1909, and director until October, 1911. Delegate State of Mass, to 3d International Congress on Infant Mortality, Berlin, 1911, and International Hygiene Exposition, Dresden, 1911. Commissioner of charities, Schenectady, 1912-1914.
Assistant to mayor’s commission on unemployment (New York), 1915. Superintendent Public Employment Bureaus of New York City, 1916-1917. Commissioned captain O.R.C., 1916.
On active duty on staff of Question Manager General United States of America, from 1917. Advisory member United States Employees Compensation Common for War Department, from 1917. Representative of War Department National Committee on Prisons and Prison Labor.
Member War Department Board of Control for Labor Standards in army clothing. Socialist.