Party affiliation: Democrat
Began as trapper boy in coal mines, at 14. Secretary-treasurer Iowa Miners’ Association, 1899-1904, president 1904-1907 and 1909-1910. International vice president United Mine Workers of America, 1908, international president since April 1, 1911.
Associated with Hoynes Powder Company, Cleveland, O. Adviser to the United States fuel administrator, September 1917-January 1, 1919. Appointed member of commission to consider differences bet. bituminous coal operators and miners, December 1919. Delaware to World’s Mining Congress, London, 1906.